Acne is a common skin disorder characterized by pimples on the face, chest and back. It occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria.
The most common type of acne, medically termed as acne vulgaris is a skin condition that affects majority of the women in puberty and peaks in mid adolescence. Nearly 85%of the people who suffer from this belong to the age group of 12-25 years.
Commonly seen acne affected areas include face, chest, and shoulders and back since these are the parts of the body where sebaceous follicles are found in abundance.
Mild and non-inflammatory acne consists of two types of comedones (a hard plug of excess sebum and dead and sticky cells) which are white heads and black heads.
When the plugged follicle is invaded by Propionibacterium which is normally seen on the skin, moderate and severe inflammatory types of acne are formed. Inflamed pimples near the skin’s surface are called papules; those which are deeper are called pustules. The most severe type of acne is formed due to closed sacs (cysts) and hard swellings (nodules).
Severe inflammatory nodulocystic acne tends to give you scars for life. There could be other reasons like deliberately manipulating or causing irritation to the acne affected skin and also some inflamed lesions that are almost always superficial in nature.
Two types of acne scars that are commonly seen are as follows:
- Hypertrophic (keloid) scars
- Atrophic (icepick, rolling and box scar) scars.
Management of acne scarring:
Acne scars can be managed by using dermal fillers, chemical peeling methods, laser therapies, cryotherapy and a few other surgical interventions if the scarring is irreversible and tend to ruin the face and confidence of the sufferer.
The colour, texture and morphology of a particular acne scar can determine the kind of medical approach one needs to develop towards it. It has been seen that combining a couple or more of methods help in partial improvement of skin conditions but a permanent and fully effective method is yet to be found out.
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